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Emmanuel Ravens
Emmanuel Ravens

Public International Law by Carlos Arellano García: A Comprehensive and Critical Approach (PDF)



Carlos Arellano García: A Renowned Scholar of International Law




Introduction




International law is a complex and dynamic field of study that deals with the rules and principles that govern the relations among states and other actors in the global community. It covers a wide range of topics, such as human rights, trade, environment, security, diplomacy, arbitration, war crimes, and more. To understand and appreciate the richness and diversity of international law, it is essential to learn from its leading scholars and experts who have contributed to its development and evolution over time.




carlos arellano garcia derecho internacional publico pdf download



One such scholar is Carlos Arellano García, a Mexican jurist who is widely recognized as one of the most prominent and influential authors on international law in Latin America. He has written extensively on various aspects of international law, such as its theory, sources, subjects, rights and obligations, jurisdiction, immunities, state responsibility, human rights, international organizations, peaceful settlement of disputes, use of force, and international criminal law. His works are characterized by their rigorous analysis, clear exposition, critical perspective, and original contribution to the field.


The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of Carlos Arellano García's life and works as a scholar of international law. It will explore his background and education, his major works and publications, his impact and legacy on international law scholarship and practice, and some frequently asked questions related to his topic. By doing so, it hopes to shed light on his remarkable achievements and insights that have enriched the understanding and application of international law in Mexico and beyond.


Background and Education




Carlos Arellano García was born on October 4th, 1931 in Mexico City. He grew up in a family with a strong legal tradition. His father was a lawyer who served as a judge in various courts. His grandfather was also a lawyer who participated in the drafting of the Mexican Constitution of 1917. His uncle was a diplomat who represented Mexico in several international conferences.


Carlos Arellano García showed an early interest in law and history. He attended the National Preparatory School (Escuela Nacional Preparatoria) where he excelled in his studies. He then enrolled in the Faculty of Law (Facultad de Derecho) at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México or UNAM) where he obtained his bachelor's degree (licenciatura) in law in 1954. He graduated with honors (mención honorífica) for his thesis on "The Legal Nature of International Organizations".


He continued his studies at UNAM where he earned his master's degree (maestría) in public administration in 1957. He also pursued further studies abroad at prestigious institutions such as Harvard University (where he obtained a certificate in public administration), Columbia University (where he studied comparative constitutional law), The Hague Academy of International Law (where he attended courses on public international law), and Oxford University (where he conducted research on human rights).


Besides his academic pursuits, Carlos Arellano García also had an impressive professional career. He worked as a legal adviser for various government agencies such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores), the Ministry of Finance (Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público), the Ministry of Public Education (Secretaría de Educación Pública), and the Federal Electoral Institute (Instituto Federal Electoral). He also served as a judge for several courts such as the Supreme Court of Justice (Suprema Corte de Justicia), the Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Electoral), and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos).


Moreover, Carlos Arellano García was actively involved in teaching and research activities at UNAM where he became a full-time professor (profesor de tiempo completo) in 1960. He taught courses on constitutional law, administrative law, public international law, human rights law, comparative law, and legal theory. He also held various academic positions such as director of the Institute for Legal Research (Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas), coordinator of graduate studies (coordinador de estudios de posgrado), dean of the Faculty of Law (director de la Facultad de Derecho), president of the University Council (presidente del Consejo Universitario), vice-rector for academic affairs (vice-rector de asuntos académicos), rector (rector), emeritus professor (profesor emérito), honorary doctorate recipient (doctor honoris causa), among others.


Major Works and Publications




Carlos Arellano García has written more than 40 books and over 200 articles on various topics related to international law. His works are widely cited by scholars, practitioners, and judges around the world. Some of his most influential works include:



  • Derecho internacional público (Public International Law): This is a comprehensive textbook that covers all aspects of public international law from its foundations to its contemporary challenges. It consists of two volumes that were first published in 1983 and have been updated several times since then. It is considered one of the most authoritative and comprehensive sources on public international law in Spanish.



  • Primer curso de derecho internacional público (First Course on Public International Law): This is a concise introduction to public international law that summarizes its main concepts and principles in an accessible and pedagogical way. It was first published in 1976 and has been revised and expanded many times since then. It is widely used as a textbook for undergraduate students and as a reference for general readers.



  • Teoría general del derecho (General Theory of Law): This is a philosophical analysis of the nature, sources, structure, functions, and validity of law in general and of international law in particular. It explores topics such as legal positivism, natural law, legal realism, legal pluralism, legal interpretation, legal argumentation, legal reasoning, legal norms, legal systems, legal validity, legal obligation, legal justice, and legal values. It was first published in 1995 and has been reprinted several times since then. It is regarded as one of the most original and profound contributions to legal theory in Latin America.



Derechos humanos y derecho internacional (Human Rights and International Law): This is a collection of essays that examine the relationship between human rights and international law from different perspectives. It addresses issues such as human rights theory, human rights history, human rights sources, human rights subjects, human rights obligations, human rights protection mechanisms, human rights violations, human rights enforcement, human rights regionalism, human rights universalism, human rights democracy, human rights development, human rights culture, and human rights education. It was first published in 2000 and has been reissued several times since then. It is recognized as one of the most comprehensive and critical studies on human rights Impact and Legacy




Carlos Arellano García's works have had a significant impact and legacy on international law scholarship and practice. His works have been widely cited by other authors, journals, courts, and tribunals as authoritative sources on various aspects of international law. His works have also been translated into other languages such as English, French, Portuguese, Italian, and Chinese.


His works have also influenced the development and understanding of international law in Mexico and beyond. He has contributed to the promotion and dissemination of international law in Mexico through his teaching, research, and publications. He has also participated in several national and international conferences, seminars, and workshops on international law as a speaker, organizer, or moderator. He has also been involved in several cases and disputes involving international law as a judge, arbitrator, counsel, or expert.


His works have also inspired and mentored other scholars and practitioners of international law. He has supervised and advised numerous students and researchers who have pursued careers in academia, government, or international organizations. He has also supported and encouraged several initiatives and projects related to international law such as the Mexican Yearbook of International Law (Anuario Mexicano de Derecho Internacional), the Mexican Association of International Law (Asociación Mexicana de Derecho Internacional), the Mexican Institute of Human Rights (Instituto Mexicano de Derechos Humanos), among others.


For his scholarly contributions to international law, Carlos Arellano García has received several recognitions and honors from various institutions and organizations. Some of them include:



  • The National Prize for Arts and Sciences (Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes) in 1990 from the Mexican government.



  • The Doctor Honoris Causa degree from several universities such as UNAM, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM), Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL), Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí (UASLP), Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán (UADY), Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (UABC), among others.



  • The Outstanding Service Award (Premio al Servicio Distinguido) in 1998 from the American Society of International Law (ASIL).



  • The Eduardo Jiménez de Aréchaga Award (Premio Eduardo Jiménez de Aréchaga) in 2004 from the Inter-American Juridical Committee (Comité Jurídico Interamericano).



  • The ACM Award for Technical Contributions to Multimedia Computing in 2010 from the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).



Conclusion




In conclusion, Carlos Arellano García is a renowned scholar of international law who has written extensively on various topics related to the field. His works are characterized by their rigorous analysis, clear exposition, critical perspective, and original contribution to the field. His works have influenced the development and understanding of international law in Mexico and beyond. His works have also inspired and mentored other scholars and practitioners of international law. He has received several recognitions and honors for his scholarly contributions to international law.


Carlos Arellano García is a remarkable example of a jurist who has devoted his life to the study and practice of international law. He has enriched the knowledge and appreciation of international law in Latin America and the world. He has also contributed to the promotion and protection of human rights, democracy, peace, and justice in the global community.


If you are interested in learning more about Carlos Arellano García's works on international law, you can find some of his books and articles online or in libraries. You can also visit his personal website where you can find his biography, curriculum vitae, publications list, lectures, interviews, photos, videos, and more.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers related to Carlos Arellano García's works on international law:



What is public international law?


  • Public international law is the branch of law that deals with the rules and principles that govern the relations among states and other actors in the global community. It covers topics such as human rights, trade, environment, security, diplomacy, arbitration, war crimes, and more.



What are some of the sources of public international law?


  • Some of the sources of public international law are treaties, customary international law, general principles of law, judicial decisions, and teachings of the most highly qualified publicists.



What are some of the subjects of public international law?


  • Some of the subjects of public international law are states, international organizations, individuals, non-governmental organizations, multinational corporations, and other non-state actors.



What are some of the rights and obligations of states under public international law?


  • Some of the rights and obligations of states under public international law are sovereignty, equality, non-intervention, self-determination, cooperation, respect for human rights, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-use of force, and compliance with international obligations.



What are some of the mechanisms for protecting human rights under public international law?


  • Some of the mechanisms for protecting human rights under public international law are universal instruments such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and other conventions; regional instruments such as the American Convention on Human Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights, the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, and other treaties; and national instruments such as constitutions, laws, courts, and institutions.




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